Bone Marrow Transplant
- IBN Sina Medicare
Pre Procedure of Bone Marrow Transplant
Type of transplant will be deiced post several tests to access your general health and you are fit for a transplant. The tests may take several days.
A radiation or chemotherapy is given prior to transplant to kill any cancer cells before transplanting new stem cells.
Bone marrow transplants on an average takes up to a week. Therefore, ones needs to make arrangements before your first transplant session, which includes:
- housing near the hospital
- financials including payment of bills, stay etc and insurance coverage
- planning medical leave from work
- arranging travel to and from the hospital
- work on a strong immune system
During the Bone Marrow Transplant
A bone marrow transplant is usually done post chemotherapy and radiation. A surgeon will implant intravenous catheter through which the stem cells are delivered into your bloodstream. This process is similar to a blood transfusion. The stem cells are transferred through the blood into the bone marrow. The transplant infusion is painless and one is awake throughout during the procedure.
If it is an allogeneic transplant using stem cells from a donor., which is harvested from a donor a day or two in advance.
Umbilical cord blood transplant is another type of allogeneic transplant. The frozen umbilical cord of a new born stored in a cord blood bank is used when needed for a bone marrow transplant.
Autologous bone marrow transplant where your own cells are being used, they’ll be retrieved from the stem cell bank.
Post Procedure of Bone Marrow Transplant
Once the transplant is complete, the new stem cells travel from blood to your bone marrow. In time, they began to grow into healthy blood cells. The process is called engraftment. It usually takes several weeks ( 10- 28 days) for the initial transplant. The success rate of the bone marrow transplant is rising of white blood count cell.
On an average a recovery time for a bone marrow transplant is approximately three months. However, in some cases it might take longer about a year to recover fully. Recovery depends on numerous factors, including:
- the condition being treated
- donor match
- where the transplant is performed
Throughout the transplant, you may need medications to prevent infection and also facilitate in the growth of the new stem cell. During the procedure you’ll be closely monitored for any complications.
Risks & Complications of Bone Marrow Transplant
On an average people complete bone marrow transplantation with few side effects and complications. While others experience some short and long term side effects. The failure or success of the transplant varies from person to person and cannot be predicted beforehand.
However, many had successful transplants include controlling or curing the disease. They have returned to normal activities with improved quality of life.
Mild or serious complications may include:
- graft-versus-host disease - in which donor cells attack one's body
- graft failure
- bleeding in some parts of the body like lungs and brain
- damage to vital organs
- early menopause
- nausea, diarrhea, or vomiting
- inflammation in the mouth, throat, and stomach