Coronary artery Bypass Surgery
- IBN Sina Medicare
Pre Procedure of Coronary artery Bypass Surgery
In case patient’s Coronary artery bypass surgery in India is scheduled in advance, his/ her health status will be assessed by one of the best heart surgeons in India . The patient will have to go through several pre -procedure tests to provide a clear picture of his/her health. These tests include:
- Blood samples
- Urine test
- Chest X-ray
- Pulmonary Function Test
- Echocardiogram (ECHO)
- The patient is advised to stop all medication especially blood thinners minimum 5 days prior to the procedure.
- Reporting of any symptoms of a cold or flu to the doctor as heart infections can reflect very serious effects.
- Quit smoking minimum two weeks prior to the surgery.
- Make arrangements for the patient’s week long stay at the hospital.
- To minimize the risk of infection, the patient should ensure to wash his/her body with a special soap just a day prior to the procedure.
- Stop water intake (12 to 14 hours before the surgery)
- Strictly adhere to all the medications prescribed by the doctor.
During the Coronary artery Bypass Surgery
- The surgery is performed under general anesthesia and takes approximately 3-6 hours.
- The surgeon first removes a blood vessel, termed as a graft, from another part of the patient’s body, such as the chest, leg, or arm.
- The surgeon then attaches one end of it to the patient’s aorta, which is a large artery that comes out of a person’s heart and attaches the other end to an artery below the blockage.
- The graft forms a new direction for the blood to flow to the patient’s ticker. However, If the patient is suffering from more than one blockage, then the surgeon will perform one or more bypass procedures during the phase of the same surgery.
- The coronary artery bypass surgery in India can be performed by stopping the heart and temporarily using a heart-lung machine to maintain circulation. There are also now newer techniques where the surgery is performed in a beating heart. Earlier chest bone was cut to open the chest but now many centres have endoscopic keyhole techniques for such surgery.
Post Procedure of Coronary artery Bypass Surgery
- Post surgery before shifting to the room the patient is in an ICU with a tube in his/her mouth that assists in breathing.
- Moreover, Some machines is also be hooked up to the patient to close monitor the vital signs, such as heart rate and blood pressure etc.
- The tubes are removed soon after the patient gathers the strength to breathe on his/her own.
- The patient is also hospitalized for about 3 to 5 more days before discharge.
- However, for complete recovery it takes minimum 4 to 6 weeks.
Risks & Complications of Coronary artery Bypass Surgery
Coronary artery bypass surgery in India may follow certain complications:
- Infection and bleeding at the area of incision
- Reactions to anesthesia
- Heart attack
- Kidney failure
- Impairment of cognitive functions
- Abnormalities with heart rhythm called arrhythmia
However, once the patient recovers, he / she feels the relief from the symptoms of angina. It reduces the changes of heart failure and improves quality of life. Moreover, the surgery adds years to the patient’s life.