Coronary artery Disease
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Symptoms of Coronary artery Disease
- Chest pain (angina). Feeling of pressure or tightness in your chest referred to as angina, usually occurs on the middle or left side of the chest. Women may experience the pain in the neck, arm or back.
- Shortness of breath. If the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet one's body needs, may develop shortness of breath or extreme fatigue with exertion.
- Heart attack. A complete blockage in coronary artery will cause a heart attack. The signs and symptoms of a heart attack include crushing pressure in your chest and pain in your shoulder or arm, sometimes with shortness of breath and sweating. With the result, heart muscles are also damaged.
- Women are to experience less typical signs and symptoms of a heart attack, such as neck or jaw pain.
- Heart failure. Due to lack of oxygen-rich blood supply the heart becomes weak and are not able to meet body's need. It can lead to a heart attack and this condition is known as heart failure.
- Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia). Inadequate blood supply to the heart or damage to heart tissue can cause irregular heart beat or rhythm
Causes of Coronary artery Disease
Coronary artery disease is damage or injury to the inner layer of a coronary artery. There are various factors which include:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Diabetes or insulin resistance
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Stress and anxiety
Risk Factors of Coronary artery Disease
Risk factors for coronary artery disease include:
- Age. With increase in age increases the risk of damaged and narrowed arteries.
- Sex. Men are at greater risk as compared to women , risk factors increases post menopause.
- Family history. A risk of coronary artery disease is highest if there is a family history of heart disease.
- Smoking. There are various studies that indicate smoking increases the risk of heart disease.
- High blood pressure. one of the causes of hardening and thickening of arteries is uncontrolled high blood pressure which effect the blood flow.
- High blood cholesterol levels. Hyperlipidemia or High cholesterol levels increases the risk of narrowing of the coronary which further contribute to the development of atherosclerosis.
- Diabetes. Mainly Type 2 Diabetes is directly proportional to increased risk of coronary artery disease.
- Overweight or obesity. Increased level of Body mass index is an indication for level of obesity which is one of the main risk factors for coronary artery disease.
- Physical inactivity. Lack of physical activity and sedentary lifestyle also is associated with coronary artery disease
- High stress. High stress levels leading to increase in stress hormones can damage arteries associated with coronary artery disease.
- Unhealthy diet. consuming food rich saturated fat, trans fat, salt and sugar can increase your risk of coronary artery disease.
A cluster of condition called Metabolic syndrome like high triglycerides, low HDL, high blood pressure or elevated insulin levels for example increases the risk of coronary artery disease.