Risk factors for coronary artery disease include:
- Age. With increase in age increases the risk of damaged and narrowed arteries.
- Sex. Men are at greater risk as compared to women , risk factors increases post menopause.
- Family history. A risk of coronary artery disease is highest if there is a family history of heart disease.
- Smoking. There are various studies that indicate smoking increases the risk of heart disease.
- High blood pressure. one of the causes of hardening and thickening of arteries is uncontrolled high blood pressure which effect the blood flow.
- High blood cholesterol levels. Hyperlipidemia or High cholesterol levels increases the risk of narrowing of the coronary which further contribute to the development of atherosclerosis.
- Diabetes. Mainly Type 2 Diabetes is directly proportional to increased risk of coronary artery disease.
- Overweight or obesity. Increased level of Body mass index is an indication for level of obesity which is one of the main risk factors for coronary artery disease.
- Physical inactivity. Lack of physical activity and sedentary lifestyle also is associated with coronary artery disease
- High stress. High stress levels leading to increase in stress hormones can damage arteries associated with coronary artery disease.
- Unhealthy diet. consuming food rich saturated fat, trans fat, salt and sugar can increase your risk of coronary artery disease.
A cluster of condition called Metabolic syndrome like high triglycerides, low HDL, high blood pressure or elevated insulin levels for example increases the risk of coronary artery disease.