- IBN Sina Medicare
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
- a change in size, shape or appearance
- a lump in the breast
- an inverted nipple
- a change in the skin over breast such as dimpling (like the skin of an orange)
- redness around the nipple
- change in position or shape of the nipple
- pigmentation, crusting or flaking of breast skin
- a liquid or a discharge from the nipple
- pain in your breast or your armpit
Causes of Breast Cancer
Research says that cause of breast cancer is mainly lifestyle, environmental or hormonal.
Breast cancer is also caused due to the mutation in DNA leading the cancerous cells to multiply. Breast cancer may begin in the glandular tissue and also with cells in the milk-producing duct.
Risk Factors of Breast Cancer
- Age. The chances of breast cancer increase as you age. Especially in women over age 55.
- Drinking alcohol. intake of excessive amounts of alcohol increases the risk.
- Having dense breast tissue. Dense breast tissue makes mammograms hard to read. It also increases your risk of breast cancer.
- Family history. if there is a family history of breast cancer, the risk increases.
- Personal history. in case you have cancer in one breast, increases the chances to get in the other one as well
- Genes. gene mutation also increases the risk especially women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations
- Early menstruation. a beginning period before the age 12, increased risk for breast cancer.
- Giving birth at an older age. Women who have their first child at older age post 35 are more at risk of breast cancer.
- Hormone therapy. Women taking postmenopausal estrogen and progesterone medications are at a higher risk of breast cancer.
- Late menopause start. Women who begin menopause at older age post 55 are more likely to develop breast cancer.
- Never being pregnant. Women who had never been pregnant are more likely to develop breast cancer.
- Radiation exposure. exposed to prior radiation treatments also increases the risk of breast cancer
- Obesity. obesity also increases the risk of breast cancer.