Ovarian cancer begins due to mutations in its DNA causing cancerous cells to grow and multiply quickly, forming a mass (tumor) of abnormal cells. The healthy cells are replaced by abnormal cells and they invade and continue to spread in the body.
Age. The chances of ovarian cancer increase post menopause. Especially in women over age 63.
Pregnancies. decreases the risk. Breastfeeding too lowers the risk.
Birth control pills. use of contraceptive pills for 3-6 months also reduces the risk of ovarian cancer.
Fertility drugs. with the use of fertility drugs the risk increases.
Breast cancer. in case one has breast cancer, it increases the chances to get ovarian cancer.
Hormone therapy. HRT also increases the chances of ovarian cancer.
Overweight and Obesity. women with BMO more than 30, increase the risk of ovarian cancer.
Gynecologic surgery. Women who have been treated for example for hysterectomy reduces the chances of ovarian cancer.
Endometriosis. Women who develop endometriosis are at a higher risk of ovarian cancer.