Leukemia ,

About Disease

Leukemia

  • anemia
  • weakness
  • fatigue
  • shortness of breath
  • low-grade fever
  • bone pain
  • loss of appetite and weight loss
  • night sweats
  • enlarged lymph nodes or spleen
  • frequent infections
  • pale complexion
  • frequent and unexplained bruising
  • prolonged bleeding from small wounds
  • blood in the stool and urine
  • susceptibility to infections example sore throat or bronchial pneumonia
  • skin rashes
  • body aches
  • high white blood cells count due to retinal hemorrhage,tinnitus, prolonged erection and stroke.

The reason for developing leukemia could be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

 Leukemia usually occurs when certain abnormalities in the DNA inside normal bone marrow cells. With time these abnormal cells grow and divide continuously replacing healthy blood cells in the bone marrow,  abnormal blood cells occupy more space leading to fewer healthy white blood cells. Further leading to symptoms of Leukemia.

Some factors may increase the risk of developing leukemia include:

  • Previous cancer treatment
  • Genetic disorders such as Down syndrome
  • Exposure to certain chemicals. Exposure to certain chemicals and dyes, such as benzene, haie dye and alkylating chemotherapy agents
  • Smoking
  • Viruses such as human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV-1) and HIV
  • Family history of leukemia

However, many people with above mentioned risk factors don't develop leukemia

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