Head and Neck Cancer ,

About Disease

Head and Neck Cancer

  • one of the most common symptom is Swelling or a sore that does not heal
  • Red or white patch in the mouth
  • Lump in the head or neck area
  • Persistent sore throat
  • Foul mouth odor not explained by hygiene
  • Hoarseness or change in voice
  • Nasal obstruction or persistent nasal congestion
  • Frequent nose bleeds and/or unusual nasal discharge
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Double vision
  • Difficulty in chewing, swallowing
  • Pain in moving the Jaw or tongue
  • Blood in the saliva or phlegm
  • Loosening of teeth
  • Dentures that no longer fit
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Ear pain or infection
  • About 75% of cases are caused due to Alcohol and tobacco use  especially cancers of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx.
  • Diet  high in consumption of eggs, processed meats, and red meat were associated with increased rates of cancer of the head and neck
  • Chewing of Betel nut is also associated with high risk of developing head and neck cancer.
  • Infection with cancer-causing types of HPV type 16, is a risk factor for some types of head and neck cancers
  • Weak Immune system
  • Excessive exposure to petroleum industry chemicals, paint fumes etc.
  • Gender. Men are more likely than women to develop head and neck cancer.
  • Age. People above 40 years are at higher risk for head and neck cancer.
  • Poor oral and dental hygiene. Poor oral hygiene may increase the risk of head and neck cancer.
  • Poor nutrition. deficiency of vitamins A and B increases the risk of head and neck cancer.
  • Medical conditions like GERD and LPRD. Reflux of stomach acid into the upper airway and throat has been associated with head and neck cancer.

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